Copyright © 1998 - 2012 Michael N. Hull - All rights reserved
"Men occasionally stumble over truth, but most of
them pick themselves up and hurry off as if nothing had happened."
Kallstrom confided in me that a missile had in fact
brought down the plane. “But,” he added, “If you quote me, I’ll deny it.”
Marge Gross who lost a brother in the crash
"I think you have an 'atomic bomb' brewing between bin Laden, Hezbollah and the Iranians. "
Kenneth Katzman, Terrorism Analyst for the U.S. Congress
"The truth is incontrovertible. Malice may attack it and ignorance may deride it, but in the end, there it is."
The author of this website is a founding member and officer of the Flight 800 Independent Researchers Organization (FIRO) which maintains a website at http://flight800.org FIRO takes no position on 'who' caused the downing of TWA 800 - it seeks to gather and publicize information on 'what' caused the downing. Members of FIRO however conduct private research on possible answers to the 'who' question and maintain independent websites on this aspect of their work. FIRO on occasion works in cooperation with the Associated Retired Aviation Professionals (ARAP) which maintains a website at http://www.twa800.com.
ARAP members include: 1) Admiral Thomas H. Moorer USN (Ret. Deceased) - Former Chairman, Joint Chiefs of staff. During World War II Admiral Moorer received the Silver Star for "extremely gallant and intrepid conduct” during an attack by Japanese aircraft. He also received the Purple Heart. In 1957, President Eisenhower approved his selection to the rank of Rear Admiral. During the 1960’s, Admiral Moorer commanded the Navy’s Seventh Fleet, for which he received the Distinguished Service Medal. He later served as Commander in Chief of the Pacific Fleet, NATO’s Allied Command, Atlantic, and the U.S. Atlantic Fleet. He is the only Naval officer ever to have commanded both the Pacific and Atlantic Fleets. In 1967 President Johnson awarded Admiral Moorer the Gold Star. In the same year, President Johnson named Admiral Moorer Chief of Naval Operations. In 1970 President Nixon appointed Admiral Moorer as Chairman of the Joint Chiefs. He served two terms at this post. After retirement in 1974, Admiral Moorer remained active in policy matters as a fellow with the Center for Strategic and International Studies. 2) R. Admiral Mark Hill USN (Ret.) - Submarine officer in the Pacific during World War II and then naval aviator where his command included the aircraft carrier Independence during the Viet Nam conflict. He also served as Asst. Chief of Naval Operations for Manpower and has testified extensively before Congress. He is the Chairman of U.S. Defense - American Victory, Washington, D.C., 3) Brig Gen. Ben Partin, USAF, (Ret.) - Designer of Continuous-rod warhead for the BOMARC missile. 4) Cmdr. William S. Donaldson USN (Ret. Deceased) - Former Officer in Charge of Carrier Battlegroup's Air Traffic Control Center, pilot and military accident investigator. Cmdr. Donaldson wrote a Report to the Subcommittee on Aviation on the Crash of TWA Flight 800 to which the author of this website contributed a section on the eyewitness reports and a statistical analysis of eyewitness credibility. 5) Captain Howard Mann, Retired TWA captain and accident investigator. Captain Mann's analysis of the Flight Data Recorder may be found on this website. 6) Major Fred Meyer - Decorated Vietnam pilot and Air National Guard pilot who witnessed TWA 800 shot down from his helicopter and was one of the first pilots to overfly the burning wreckage. Major Meyer's eyewitness account may be read in detail on this website. 7) Captain Al Mundo - Retired TWA pilot and the flight engineer on TWA 800 for the incoming flight from Athens.
Prior to the downing of TWA 800 the author observed a missile launched close to I95 in Connecticut. The incident was reported to the FBI, the NTSB, the FAA, the NY Times, Boeing, and TWA shortly after the TWA 800 downing. The peculiar lack of interest which was shown in the author's report by both the FBI and the American news media, sparked the author's curiosity to investigate the TWA 800 incident further. The results of this investigation are the subject of this web site. While investigating the TWA 800 incident it became increasingly clear that this terrorist act was linked to the Khobar Towers bombing in Saudi Arabia and to other bombing incidents which took place in the United States. These linkages are also explored in this website. The United States suffered a second 'Pearl Harbor' on September 11, 2001. This website covers the linkages of the bin Laden organization from the Khobar Towers bombing, the first World Trade Center bombing, the missile attacks on aircraft departing JFK, Newark and LaGuardia which resulted in the downing of TWA 800, and the spread of the bin Laden organization throughout the free world and within the United States particularly in Florida and New York.
New visitors to the website should start with the document "Summary of Findings on TWA 800 Downing" in the Main Index below and then read the articles "On a Clear Day You Can See Forever - The Eyewitnesses", "The Tale of the Tapes" and "Rocket/Missile Reports". If you would like a CD ($250 including shipping) with all of the files on this website including the audio files please send an email request to MissileTWA800@aol.com
Click here to access
First Strike: TWA 800 and the Attack on America
Bin Laden: Behind the Mask of the Terrorist
Bin Laden - The Man Who Declared War On America
The New Jackals: Ramzi Yousef, Osama bin Laden and the Future of Terrorism
Into the Buzzsaw: Leading Journalists Expose the Myth of a Free Press
1000 Years for Revenge: International Terrorism and the FBI - The Untold Story
The Third Terrorist
Countdown to Crisis
Main Index to
Summary of Findings on TWA 800 Downing (Updated: 01/25/07)
This document presents the author's opinion as to the explanation for the evidence uncovered to date. Dismissed is the proposal that a low voltage spark ignited the center wing tank fuel by the facts that: 1) the CWT of this aircraft survived a lighting strike which passed through the same tank, 2) a video showing that a lighted match is extinguished by dipping it into TWA 800's fuel, 3) the NTSB's release of 755 eyewitness accounts of the crash of TWA 800 which reveals why the CIA has had such difficulty in attempting to explain away their observations with a noseless aircraft climbing several thousand feet.
Prior to the downing of TWA 800 the author of this web site observed a missile launched close to I95 in Connecticut. The author's observation was reported to the FBI, the NTSB, the FAA, the NY Times, Boeing, and TWA shortly after the TWA 800 downing (see Correspondence with FBI below). This observation, and the peculiar lack of interest which was shown in it by both the FBI and the American news media, sparked the author's curiosity to investigate the TWA 800 incident further. The results of this investigation are the subject of this web site. Most of these organizations have appeared frequently in the visitor logs of this website. The website has also been visited on numerous occasions by the U.S. Navy, the U.S. Army and NASA.
On a Clear Day You
Can See Forever - The
This section contains major new analyses of the eyewitness reports that have
been prepared by Bob Donaldson with views displayed on Google Earth. Links are
provided in this article to all of this dramatic new research material.
This article contains a compilation of eyewitness accounts, eyewitness diagrams, and Google Earth simulations of eyewitness perspectives constructed from published newspaper accounts, photographs of the missile entry points, and reports appearing on other internet sites. This document was provided to Cmdr. Donaldson for inclusion in his "Report to the Subcommittee on Aviation" (see below). Also presented here are statistical probability calculations proving that the missile events the eyewitnesses said they saw, did occur to a near mathematical certainty. Audio files are provided in this document from eyewitnesses Goss and Dougherty. Hear them both describe how one of the missiles made a sharp turn. A video of the events as seen by witnesses Angelides and Gipe is available here. The eyewitness testimony has also been used to triangulate the launch points of two missiles and is consistent with the radar evidence. We have access to 107 witnesses on 4 aircraft, 19 boats, and 31 locations ashore. They were located in a 360° circle around the missile engagement. Click here for a gif file showing a diagram which triangulates the eyewitnesses' observations. Click here for a pdf file of the same diagram which is a slower download but this file can be viewed at higher magnification using your pdf reader. The FBI also triangulated eyewitness observations and came up with two launch points Click here for pdf file. The NTSB says that 755 eyewitnesses are not to be believed. The NTSB Eyewitness Reports and FBI Witness Summaries have been obtained and were added to this document. The witnesses explain 1) the damage to the nose wheel , 2) the damage to the left wing, 3) why a beam from the aircraft was found lodged in the cockpit. Read how witness 649 completely refutes the CIA explanation for the crash. Animations of eyewitness drawings provided to the FBI are presented. The Center Wing Tank exploded at approximately 8,000 feet about 24 seconds after the aircraft was decapitated at approximately 13,000 feet.
Presentation to the Granada Forum 3/12/98
Major Meyer was an eyewitness to the downing of TWA 800 from his helicopter and moments later flew over the scene. This is a partial transcript of a presentation that Major Meyer and Cdr. Donaldson made to the Granada Forum. Meyer and his co-pilot, Chris Baur, saw two missiles involved in the destruction of TWA 800 both of which exploded. Meyer believes that the first missile to explode was the one which traveled from his right to his left. This missile was fired from just off-shore. (See the gif/pdf files under "On a Clear Day You Can See Forever - The Eyewitnesses).
Eyewitness Lisa Perry's
Open Letter to NTSB
"We don't need anyone theorizing on the causes of the crash. Those of us who were there remember all too well what we saw in front of our own eyes. TWA 800 was taken from the sky by an assault of missiles. From whom or why, I have no idea. But this foolishness that the plane spontaneously exploded is not kidding anyone. And in case you didn't realize, I wanted you to know."
They Didn't Believe
Me - The Eyewitnesses and the
The eyewitnesses to the TWA 800 downing comment on the CIA video which purported to explain why they didn't see what they say they saw. Here you will find links to the NTSB and CIA official videos of the incident. See also Kallstrom's letter to Hall on the Baltimore Hearings.
Simple - Isn't
Probability calculations prove to a certainty that the 755 eyewitnesses to the TWA 800 downing were correct in their observations that one or more missiles brought down the aircraft.
The Tale of The
Prior to the downing of TWA 800 in July 1996 a missile was fired at aircraft in the vicinity of Long Island in November 1995. Subsequent to the downing of TWA 800 a missile was fired at aircraft off Long Island in November 1996 in a carbon copy incident of the TWA 800 incident; TWA 884 (New York to Tel Aviv) was diverted around the problem area. Three weeks prior to TWA 800's destruction, TWA 884 had another near miss. The FBI suggested that the November 1996 event was a meteor observation despite the fact that the object climbed out of Long Island Sound and passed through the witnessing aircraft's altitude. In March 1997 at least three aircraft departing out of Newark and LaGuardia observed a missile. The government claimed that the pilots in this incident had witnessed a missile test off the coast of Florida, which begs the question of why the launch was seen by pilots only in the NY metropolitan area. Two probable missile incidents in NY airspace with Swissair flights preceded the crash of Swissair 111 on the tenth anniversary of the bombing of Pan Am Flight 103. The FAA suggested a "balloon" as the explanation for one incident - an explanation emphatically denied by the pilot. I have gathered the transcripts and audio files of the FAA controller tapes for these incidents obtained by Freedom of Information Act filings. You may hear and read what the pilots said in their own words. All of the audio files have been edited to remove the periods of silence between conversations and they have been edited to include only comments that are relevant to the incidents. Accordingly, the time sequence between conversations is compressed. The fact that missiles were fired repeatedly in NY metropolitan airspace is key circumstantial evidence that the downing of TWA 800 was not a "friendly fire" incident. (See also Hull correspondence with FBI which involved another missile sighting prior to the TWA 800 downing.)
(Documented missile sightings - Updated:
Documented reports of missiles encountered by airliners in primarily U.S. airspace both prior to and following the downing of TWA Flight 800. Again two events are of particular interest, occurring one year apart on November 17, 1995 and November 16, 1996 and straddling the downing of TWA 800. Lufthansa Cargo stopped flying to Pakistan because of a missile event in September 1999. Lufthansa was also involved with one of the earliest missile incidents in the NY metropolitan area in November 1995. Swissair had two encounters with objects in the NY metropolitan area in 1997 and 1998 which preceded the loss of Swissair 111 on the tenth anniversary in the Islamic calendar of the bombing of PA 103. Numerous reports of possible missile sightings within months and days of the TWA 800 downing. The Washington Times reports that 'rockets' were fired at 2 aircraft in the vicinity of Ronald Reagan airport on January 20, 2002 and February 20, 2002 in what is a rerun of events preceding the crash of TWA 800 (See also The Tale of The Tapes). Startling evidence that TWA 800 returned to JFK the night before the crash (July 16, 1996) on the same evening that a Long Island resident reported possible missile firings to the FBI. In October 2002, Fox cameraman captures a missile on video passing an airliner taking off at Albany, New York. Transcript of an interview describing his interaction with FBI. Two missiles shake Israeli airliner taking off in Kenya. Attempt made to shoot down B1 bomber in Oklahoma. Missile attack on American Airlines in December 2005.
London Bridge is
(London, Islamic Jihad, and TWA 800 -
The United Kingdom has permitted terrorists to establish major funding operations in London and those operations are linked to Islamic Jihad, and TWA Flight 800. In September 1998 the British government began to arrest them. The problem continues to worsen as events in London in July 2005 have shown.
The Documents from the Donaldson
In the Mike Jarmus program Cmdr. Donaldson discusses information from military contacts regarding Stinger missile computer studies. Donaldson followed in the footprints of the FBI missile team. He made contact with the military authorities the FBI were working with and he found that they knew what had happened to the airplane almost from the very beginning. Parts of one of the missiles fired at TWA 800 entered the wing root of the left wing, penetrated the #2 main tank and caused an explosion in the tank. This file also contains an historical record of the development of Cdr. Donaldson's technical analyses of the Flight 800 downing prior to the writing of the July 17, 1998 report for the Committee on Transportation & Infrastructure - Subcommittee on Aviation - U.S. House of Representatives. Here you can trace the development of ideas, some of which have now been superceded by later evidence, on the cause of this incident and you can read the background behind the discovery of the evidence from the flight data recorders that a missile exploded off the left wing of the aircraft. Included in this file are letters Cdr. Donaldson wrote to the NTSB as his investigation was proceeding and while he was in the process of trying to determine the technical facts. Also in this file one will find a letter from Admiral Thomas Moorer (former Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff) calling for a congressional investigation. See also http://www.thewinds.org/archive/government/flight_800_10-98.html Visit Cmdr. Donaldson's website at http://www.twa800.com where you can access the Report to the Subcommittee on Aviation in other file formats.
to the Subcommittee on Aviation - Crash of TWA Flight
From the debris field plot, the wing skin fragmentation, the fuel quantities in the individual tanks, the 105 millisecond sound on the cockpit voice recorder, the seat residue analyses, the NTSB-deleted 12-second line on the flight data recorder, the triangulation of the eyewitnesses's reports, the photographic evidence, the Calverton reconstruction, and the findings of nitrates on CW504 (the first significant aircraft part to land in the Debris Field) and on CW114 indicating the presence of explosives, the technical evidence shows that TWA 800 was destroyed by two air bursting anti-aircraft missiles. The NTSB is searching for a phantom spark that ignited the Center Wing Tank yet fails to acknowledge that this same aircraft was struck by lightning on Good Friday, 1995 on approach to Rome airport. The right wing suffered significant metal damage requiring about 25 square feet of right wing tip skin to be replaced. The lightning traversed the #4 reserve tank, the #4 main tank, the #3 main tank and the Center Wing Tank. Lightning represents a multi-thousand fold stronger ignition spark than that which can be generated by any electrical source of aircraft power. Yet you are asked to believe that this aircraft was downed by a spark yet to be discovered, while a bolt of lightning passing through four fuel tanks including the Center Wing Tank could not achieve the same result.
Dublin to Oklahoma City
The full story is yet to be told. Terrorist organizations based in Ireland were involved in the bombing of the Murrah building in Oklahoma City and the bombing of two embassies in Africa. Witnesses to the identity of John Doe 2, like the witnesses to TWA 800, are prevented from testifying about what they observed. The Philippines is the basis of an interesting link between Ramsey Yousef and the bombing of the World Trade Center, Terry Nichols and the bombing of the Murrah Building, and the downing of TWA Flight 800. An associate of Ramsey Yousef, Edwin Angeles, had been arrested in the Philippines where he was contacted by McVeigh's attorney, Stephen Jones. Angeles linked Nichols to Yousef in a meeting on the island of Mindanao. In his book 'Others Unknown', Jones describes that at a meeting in Davao, Angeles met an American who introduced himself as 'the farmer'. Among those present at the meeting were Ramsey Yousef, Abdul Hakim Murad, and Wali Khan Amin Shah. The meeting was to discuss terrorism and Murad, Khan and Yousef would later be defendants in the plot to blow up twelve U.S. airliners. All were convicted on September 5, 1996 and are in American prisons. On April 19, 1995, Murad told his guard in his New York cell that the Oklahoma city bombing was the work of Islamic Jihad while McVeigh attempted to deflect suspicion away from his sponsor.. The identity of John Doe #2 is reported to be Hussain Al-Hussaini, a former member of the Iraqi Republican Guard. Several of the September 11, 2001 hijackers attempted to book rooms at the motel in OKC were McVeigh stayed prior to the bombing. Evidence suggesting that Khalid Shaikh Mohammed a top al-Qaida lieutenant whom federal authorities believe may have masterminded the Sept. 11 attacks trained Nichols for the OKC bombing in the Philippines. Mohammed "was not only involved in the Sept. 11 attacks, he was involved in the 1993 World Trade Center attack" as well, Johnston charged. "He was in the Philippines at the same time as Terry Nichols, by the way, in the last trip that he made down there before the Murrah building bombing." U.S. officials believe Mohammed was also in charge of transferring the funds used by the Sept. 11 hijackers. "There's lots of links that tie him to 9-11," one government official told AP June 5. "He was intricately involved." Mohammed is also believed to be an accomplice of Ramzi Yousef, who is currently serving a life sentence in the U.S. for his alleged role in the 1993 World Trade Center bombing. Upon his arrest, Yousef was found in possession of plans to blow up a dozen U.S. airliners. Prosecutors also believe he had planned to crash a plane into the Pentagon.
Strike One - Khobar
Towers; Strike Two - TWA 800; Strike Three
Details behind the Khobar Towers bombing (http://www.defenselink.mil/photos/Jul1996/960629-N-00000-004.jpg) in Saudi Arabia, the links to TWA 800 and Iranian sponsored international terrorism. The Clinton Administration was reluctant to hear anything that pointed to the Iranian government and the families of the Khobar Towers victims were left with a "collapsed" investigation. But when the Bush administration came to power the finger of blame was again pointed directly at Iran but still the administration refused to act.
The Downing of TWA Flight 800, the first bombing of The World Trade Center, the bombing of the Murrah Building in Oklahoma City and the final destruction of the World Trade Center Towers are linked through Osama bin Laden and Ramzi Yousef.
As Time Goes By
(Strange links in three calendars with TWA
800 - Updated: 03/10/03)
A highly speculative article which hints that numerous terrorist incidents related to and including the downing of TWA 800 fall on anniversary dates in the Gregorian, Hijri, and Jewish calendars. For example the crash of a Swissair jet on September 2, 1998 occurred on the tenth anniversary in the Islamic Calendar of the downing of PA 103, and the bombing of the embassies in Africa occurred on the anniversary of the arrival of U.S. forces in Saudi Arabia.
Challenge to the NTSB
We have arrived at the fourth anniversary of the crash of TWA flight 800 without any of the 755 eyewitnesses to this event having been invited by the NTSB to tell their stories in a public hearing. The official version, presented in a CIA video, depicts a center wing tank explosion by a spark from an unknown source that caused the front section of the aircraft forward of the wings to separate. The noseless aircraft then climbed for several thousands of feet trailing flame interpreted by eyewitnesses as a 'streak' in the sky. With the recently released eyewitness transcripts from the FBI and the NTSB, the NTSB is challenged to explain in its final meeting on this incident, scheduled to be held this August, the numerous discrepancies between the eyewitness accounts and its official version of these events.
Six Impossible Things Before Breakfast
"Conspiracy theorists" and "psychics" abound.
Several private researchers provide proof in this article that the National Transportation Safety Board has not released a crucial four seconds of data near the end of the Flight Data Recorder (FDR) tape. The first line of this missing data was accidentally released by the NTSB and is discussed in The Pilot and the NTSB - NTSB Exhibit 10A Addendum 2. For related analysis of the Flight Data Recorder and further discussion of the accidentally released line of data see The Smoking Gun - The Flight Data Record and Report to the Subcommittee on Aviation on the Crash of TWA Flight 800. The full report by Glen Schulze constitutes hard evidence consistent with the fact that the FBI/NTSB are knowingly withholding from the public over 3.000 flight parameter data bits from the end of FL 800. These 3,000 data bits from the last 4 seconds recorded on the FDR tape may well answer the question of what occurred during those last 4 seconds to cause the disintegration of TWA Flight 800.
The Pilot and the NTSB - NTSB Exhibit 10A Addendum
There are two articles in this section. In the first, retired TWA pilot Howard Mann examines the Flight Data Recorder and finds evidence of a pressure wave that could only indicate the plane had been affected by a missile which blew up just outside the plane. The key record occurs on what is known as the "12 second line" (recorded at 12 seconds past 8:31 p.m.) and shows an aircraft in extreme trouble. The NTSB claims that this line is from an earlier flight of this aircraft (Flight 803). In the second article, an analysis of the FDR by Richard Hirsch leads to the conclusion that the NTSB doesn't want to publish the complete record of the last data from TWA Flight 800 where the Flight number (800 or 803) is recorded.
of Islip Primary Radar for TWA Flight 800
Proof that the CIA video which dismissed the eyewitness testimony is incorrect. This document is based on a copy of the Debris Field TAGS database that was leaked by an individual within the investigation who was concerned that information was being altered to fit the NTSB's mechanical failure theory. Based on the factual radar evidence that shows what could be a missile body or fragments transiting the aircraft at high velocity from the starboard side, the eyewitnesses have a right to give their testimony to a congressional hearing. The investigating agencies into the tragedy of TWA Flight 800 (F800) have alleged that the aircraft climbed steeply, following the loss of its front section. However, the only tangible evidence available to the agencies contradicts this claim. RADAR data indicates that the aircraft descended after losing its forward section, as evidenced by a substantial increase in ground speed. Simulations based on the ascent of the aircraft do not follow the RADAR track in space and time. A letter was sent to the House Aviation Committee requesting a meeting with FBI and NTSB officials.
Projectiles from the Hull
(Evidence that at least two missiles
struck TWA 800 - Updated: 01/07/00)
This document was first published in 1998 and suggested that more than a single missile was involved in the downing of TWA 800. The report by Cdr. Donaldson to the Committee on Transportation & Infrastructure - Subcommittee on Aviation - U.S. House of Representatives (see below) later provided conclusive technical evidence for this scenario as did the release in 2000 of the FBI witness transcripts (See On a Clear Day You Can See Forever). The FBI refuses to release the Sikorsky digital disks of the incident which apparently show two objects approaching TWA 800. Why should these tapes be withheld if a phantom spark ignited the center fuel tank as government agencies proclaim?
The claims of responsibility for the TWA 800 downing are highlighted. An editorial in the London Islamist paper al-Quds al-Arabi spelled out the reasons behind the escalating terrorist attacks on the United States which concluded by mentioning the bombings in Riyadh and Khobar as the beginning of these attacks. The editor of al-Quds al-Arabi, Abdul-Bari Atwan, is personally close to Osama bin Laden. A fax was received by al-Hayat in London through al-Safir in Beirut in which on July 16, 1996 the Islamic Change Movement - the Jihad Wing in the Arabian Peninsula took credit for both the Riyadh and Khobar Towers bombings. http://twa800.com/alhayat/alhayat.pdf A warning was then issued by the same group on July 17, 1996 stating that "the mujahideen will give their harshest reply to the threats of the foolish U.S. President. Everybody will be surprised by the magnitude of the reply. ... The invaders must be prepared to leave, either dead or alive. Their time is at the morning-dawn. Is not the morning-dawn near?". TWA 800 exploded in the early morning in the United Kingdom. On July 18, 1996 this group issued a statement accepting responsibility for the TWA 800 downing. The leaders the Islamic Change Movement had participated in a June 1996 terrorist planning meeting held in Tehran and on July 20, 1996 it attended a follow-up conference again held in Tehran in which it was singled out for "recent achievements".
Gathered here are ten short items
surrounding the TWA 800 disaster.
Musing #1 entitled "No Answers, Many More Questions" presents a series of questions posed at the August 1999 press conference held by the Flight 800 Independent Researchers Organization in cooperation with the Associated Retired Aviation Professionals.
Threads from the Hull
This article shows the links to TWA 800 between the group led by Osama bin Laden that blew up the Khobar Towers in Dhahran - Saudi Arabia, the Iranian government, the attack on the World Trade Center, the attempted bombing of a Brooklyn subway, and the assassination of two CIA agents. As the trial of the two potential subway bombers opened in July 1998 in Brooklyn, the government denied that they were linked to any known terrorist group despite its earlier public announcements that they were possibly funded by Osama bin Laden. (See also "From Here to Eternity") The U.S. government didn't want to find "concrete evidence" that Iran was behind the Khobar Towers bombing. Instead it opted for better relations with a "great civilization" which sponsored the terrorism that resulted in the loss of American lives.
From Here To
(New 7/22/98 - Updated
On the program 'Sixty Minutes' broadcast on October 5, 1997 a Hamas prisoner serving a life sentence in an Israeli prison said in reference to a double bus bombing that the same bus number was chosen deliberately to show how Hamas could strike at will anywhere and at any time. The similarity between the TWA 800 downing in July 1996 and an incident involving a TWA flight in November 1996 is noted.
Four in a Row and all
(Four missile attacks over Long Island -
Questions are posed as to whether geopolitical links running through Iran, Pakistan, and Egypt involving Islamic terrorism could be related to four possible missile incidents, prior to and subsequent to the TWA 800 downing, which all occurred in the Long Island region and involved aircraft departing from or descending to JFK airport.
The Mistral Missile, Major
Meyer and the Middle East
The French mistral missile was discussed in Congress; the mistral is available all over the Middle East.
The CIA, the FBI, and
the NTSB - "Who's on First"
(Sad but true? - Updated:
This is a satirical article describing the twists and turns that major government agencies went through in investigating the TWA 800 downing as they realized that they were dealing with a terrorist act. It ended in the production of a CIA video widely ridiculed for its implausibility and referred to as "The CIA Cartoon".
I'm Gonna Wash That
Man Right Outa My Hair
(A farewell to Kallstrom -
The article traces Kallstrom's journey from his promise to bring the "cowardly scum" to justice until he became the pitch man for the CIA and departed for a job with a credit card company and a position as a CBS consultant. Had the TWA 800 been a "friendly fire" incident it would have been known to Kallstrom and he would not have used this derogatory term.
Don't Get Mad, Get
(Iran's Revenge - Updated
Iran had a very specific reason to support international terrorism in its attack on an American or Israeli airliner. In July 1988 the USS Vincennes shot down Iran Air Flight 655.
The Sanders' Trial
Journalist James Sanders and his wife, Elizabeth, a flight attendant with TWA, were found guilty of felony theft for possessing a swatch of seat fabric from TWA 800 that they believed to be covered with rocket fuel residues. James Kallstrom, who claimed "It's not rocket fuel. It never was rocket fuel, and it never will be rocket fuel," was not charged with felony theft for possessing a piece of fabric from TWA 800 that he donated to family members of the victims which apparently had "the sand of the sea on it". The trial took place in Uniondale, Long Island beginning on April 5, 1999. News items and other reports from the trial were covered in this document. Cmdr. Donaldson helped with the defense of Jim & Elizabeth Sanders. Cmdr. Donaldson has been working since October following up the hundreds of leads generated by the NY Times advertisement and the 800 number. This has resulted in a significant amount of new information. Summary details of the new developments are outlined in a letter from Cmdr. Donaldson to the CEOs of Boeing and TWA.
Other Events Linked to the TWA 800
The TWA 800 downing was not a stand-alone incident. It was one terrorist act in a series of terrorist acts which continue to the present day.
Hull correspondence with FBI (7/19/96 & 7/24/96)
Abbreviated abstract of correspondence sent to the FBI. Copies were also provided to Boeing, TWA, the FAA, the NTSB and several print and electronic media news organizations.
Suicide, Balloons and
Center Wing Tanks
Five crashes - strange explanations.
The Mystery of Pan Am
The case against two Libyan suspects begins to fall apart as evidence grows that the bombing was financed by Iran and Syria through its support of Middle-East terrorism groups. The CIA appear to have identified the central suspect and the FBI refused to release its files on the matter to the Scottish court. A Palestinian terrorist stands accused by the defense team of having bombed PA 103. According to the NY Times, the terrorist, Mohamed Abo Talb, who is serving a life sentence in Sweden in connection with a 1980's bombing campaign against American and Jewish targets in Europe admitted knowing some of the men who were arrested in a German police raid in October 1988, three months before the Lockerbie bombing, at which several bombs concealed in Toshiba Bombeat radio-cassette recorders were found. (A bomb in a Toshiba Bombeat brought down Pan Am 103.) He said he knew them innocently: one had repaired his car, another he met through a brother. He also admitted visiting a bakery in Malta that police have said was a terrorist cell's meeting place, but he said he merely helped the owner with bread deliveries while he himself was recovering from a stab wound. Clothes made in Malta were found in his Swedish home, he said, because he had brought back samples from the garment factory of the baker's brother. (Singed Maltese clothing was found in the Lockerbie debris and was presumably wrapped around the bomb.) Mr. Talb flatly refused to say anything about what training he received in the Soviet Union in the 1970's, though he has told Swedish investigators that he learned the use of surface-to-air missiles.
The Mystery of SwissAir
SwissAir 111, while flying the same track as TWA 800, lost all radio contact for 13 minutes when it passed over the same location where TWA 800 was downed. It crashed on the tenth anniversary in the Islamic calendar of the bombing of PA 103. Two possible missile incidents involving other SwissAir flights raise questions as to the cause of the Flight 111 crash.
The Mystery of EgyptAir
The demise of EgyptAir 990 began with a loud thump. In a scenario similar to the crash of TWA 800, high speed objects were seen on radar just before the plane began its fateful dive. Pilot suicide is the explanation offered by U.S. investigators - an explanation that can not account for the failure of the flight data recorders at approximately 16,000 feet. A similar suicide explanation was offered for a Silk Air crash in which the flight data recorders also stopped operating before the aircraft crashed. The links from the TWA 800 downing, to the bombing of the World Trade Center, to the EgyptAir 990 downing, to Hamas and its State sponsor, Iran, are developed. A former Egyptian army major, former sergeant in the U.S. Special Forces, former CIA operative, and former FBI informant, Ali Mohamed, who worked for EgyptAir as a security agent was in a Manhattan cell accused of being a key associate of Osama bin Laden and helping bomb the U.S. embassies in Africa when EgyptAir 990 crashed. EgyptAir 990 crashed during a big military exercise in Egypt, BRIGHT STAR '99, which was held from October 27th to November 5th 1999. Bright Star began as a bilateral military exercise between Egypt and the United States, and has since evolved into one of the largest multinational exercises involving U.S. troops anywhere in the world. Thirty-three Egyptian military personnel were on board the aircraft when it crashed. Gen. Issam Ahmed, a senior Egyptian transportation ministry official, said that the plane crashed because of an explosion. He said the cases of both black boxes, located in the tail, were severely damaged, which "confirms that the tail of the plane was subjected to an explosion at the height of 33,000 feet'' because of "an internal or external explosion". Ahmed said he believed a missile or bomb caused it. EgyptAir's chief pilot thinks a bomb or missile downed Flight 990 after blasting its tail. The Egyptians noted that radar showed several "primary" targets - planes with the transponder turned off, missiles, flocks of birds or even atmospheric clutter - in the area that night, some of which lasted several minutes and moved at high speed. Three pilots reported seeing missiles in the area where EgyptAir 990 crashed. EgyptAir's Boeing 767 fell from the sky sometime early Sunday morning - at about 2 a.m. Later Sunday morning, NewsMax.com editor Christopher Ruddy was on United flight #976, which departed JFK at 9:15 a.m. headed for London. At about 10 a.m., Ruddy put on his headset. He clicked through the music channels and tuned in to transmissions between his United plane and air traffic control in the United States. "Air traffic control was advising planes to change their flight paths, giving out new coordinates and altitudes for planes on the flight paths over the Atlantic," Ruddy recalled the conversation he overheard. "At one point, a crew member of one of the planes radioed air traffic control to ask why the change. Air traffic control responded that 'there are rockets being fired in the area.'".
The Mystery of American
American Airlines now becomes focus of terrorism with two attacks. AA Flight 587 was apparently bombed on November 12, 2001, the fourth anniversary of the conviction of Osama bin Laden associate, Ramzi Yousef, for the original 1993 bombing of the World Trade Center. (On December 22, 2001 a terrorist attempted to blow up AA Flight 63 using a bomb in his shoe. He attempted to take the same flight the previous day on December 21, the anniversary of the bombing of PA 103, but was denied a boarding pass.) Audio and Video eyewitnesses presented in this article insist two explosions preceded the loss of the tail. The first explosion was a small one at the fuselage just behind the right wing. A former Special Forces member familiar with ordinance explosions states that the initiating explosion was a white ordinance explosion. Evidence builds that AA 587 is another TWA 800 cover up. Futile attempts begin to discredit AA 587 eyewitnesses who are proving to be just as troublesome as TWA 800 eyewitnesses. Dr. Bernard S. Loeb, who retired as the safety board's director of aviation safety last year, said, "In the case of 587, it's unlikely that the witnesses will provide much to help the investigation. Recently he and his wife saw a two-vehicle collision. Among other key details, Mr. Loeb said he could not recall whether one of the vehicles had been a truck or an SUV. Probability calculations on eyewitness reports prove , however, that the eyewitnesses are correct. In August 2004 it was revealed that a captured al-Qaeda operative told Canadian intelligence investigators that a Montreal man who trained in Afghanistan alongside the 9/11 hijackers was responsible for the crash. Canadian Security Intelligence Service agents were told during five days of interviews with the source that Abderraouf Jdey, a Canadian citizen also known as Farouk the Tunisian, had downed the plane with explosives. A similar incident occurred with an American Airlines plane departing Heathrow airport in London.
The crashes of several South Korean aircraft leads to the discovery of strange linkages between the governments of Iran, Libya and North Korea. An official international terrorist organization, which included Iran and Libya was formed and called the "Movement for Islamic Change." This organization claimed responsibility for the downing of TWA 800. North Korea supplies missile technology to Iran and is rewarded for its support. Was the arrest of Ressam in Seattle linked to a plot to place a bomb on the New York leg, and/or the London leg, of a flight that an Algerian terrorist had booked to fly. Was the Korean airlines crash the second of two bombings planned for that day to occur on the anniversary of the bombing of PA 103? Algerian and Libyan terrorists arrested in Dublin were found to have links to Ressam and to the Egyptian wing of Islamic Jihad.
This document will assist a reader in sorting out the major world terrorist organizations and the links between them.
Database of News Reports used in The Hull
The news items below form the database from which the conclusions in the Hull Thread have been assembled.
Events up to the Downing of TWA Flight 800 "Look, this is what we think happened. Everyone at TWA thinks it was a missile."
Events from the Downing of TWA Flight 800 to December 1996 "The Mujahadeen will respond harshly to the threats of the stupid American president. All will be shocked by the magnitude of the response. The determining of the place and time are in the hands of the Mujahadeen. The invaders must get ready to leave alive or dead; and their rendezvous will be morning, and isn't morning near." U.S. News and World Report magazine, in the July 29, 1996 issue, identified the group as, "The Movement of Islamic Jihad/The Jihad Wing of the Arabian Peninsula." American Stingers, supplied by the CIA, held by Hizbollah, found in Iranian patrol boats, and the FBI still wondering about TWA 800. All of the major suspects!
Events from January 1997 - June 1997 On January 23, 1995, by Executive Order 12947, I declared a national emergency to deal with the unusual and extraordinary threat to the national security, foreign policy, and economy of the United States constituted by grave acts of violence committed by foreign terrorists ..... I am continuing the national emergency with respect to foreign terrorists who threaten to disrupt the Middle East peace process. This notice shall be published in the Federal Register and transmitted to the Congress. WILLIAM J. CLINTON
Events from July 1997 - September 1997 One terrorist has claimed credit for the TWA 800 bombing. World Trade Center bomber Ramzi Ahmed Yousef told authorities his group is responsible. Yousef's claim has not been made public, but it is in the FBI file.
Events from October 1997 - December 1997 Most people, Kallstrom said, who believed they saw a missile were actually seeing different stages of the fiery breakup of the aircraft. And after the plane first exploded, blowing off the cockpit and front section of the fuselage, the flaming rear section zoomed upward several thousand feet, giving some witnesses the impression that a missile was rising in the sky. Yet parts of the aircraft tail section were found in the same wreckage field as the cockpit.
Events from January 1998 - June 1998 In Iran you have three people in charge: You have Khamenei, and he is in charge of religion and terrorism. You have Rafsanjani, and he is in charge of business and terrorism. And you have Khatami, and he is in charge of internal politics, moderation and terrorism."
Events from July 1998 - September 1998 The government asserted in court papers that the Iranian government had entered into a formal three-way "working agreement" with bin Laden to "work together against the United States, Israel and the West." Members of bin Laden's organization sent emissaries to Iran and some of its members received explosives training in Lebanon from Hezbollah, the terrorist group backed by the Iranian government. The allegations against Iran come at a sensitive time, since Tehran is currently trying to improve its relations with the West.
Events from October 1998 - December 1998 An FBI agent brought a psychic to Calverton to explain what happened to TWA 800. Helicopter landings were supervised by "a fraud in a costume". Bloodstained clothing was baked until mold grew over it. An FBI agent hammered pieces of wreckage together and an FBI supervisor ripped metal fragments out of a seat cushion during an argument.
Events from January 1999 - March 1999 Terrorist suspects are alleged by the Yemeni authorities to have been recruited in Britain before traveling to Yemen for training by the militant Al Jihad group. Bin Laden has been deeply involved in the funding and training of Islamic extremists in the Yemen for several years, a U.S. intelligence officer was quoted as telling the British newspaper The Sunday Telegraph. "Despite being a Saudi, he is one of the most powerful men in the Yemen. We are convinced these men were trained by him." - Boeing Co. may defend itself in civil litigation with the theory that the airliner was downed by a missile. - Bin Laden goes "missing" after the Taliban takes away his cellular telephone and gets involved in a fight with Taliban guards. - A lawyer who represents the families of 21 passengers in suits against TWA., said that he is looking forward to having juries tour the reconstruction, to prove that no missile was involved in the crash. - A Village Voice article reports: "You ever shot a .22 through a tin can? You know how the holes look where it punctures the metal and it rolls the metal back and tears it as it stretches?" the veteran pilot asked. "Well that's what these holes looked like, except they were oval-shaped." - When the nation's most infamous terrorists -- the Oklahoma City bomber and the World Trade Center bomber -- are allowed out of solitary confinement so that they can have one hour of exercise in the nation's most secure Federal prison, what do they do? Apparently, they just chat. - Aircraft #17119, which became Flight 800, would have had to been loaded with passengers and crew in the space of 20 minutes if the dog-sniffing test at Lambert - St. Louis International Airport was conducted on that aircraft as the FBI claimed. Aircraft # 17116 was also present at the same airport on the same day and departed for JFK one and a half hours after the test had been completed.
Events from April 1999 - June 1999 Donaldson's letter to Boeing and TWA. The Sanders trial in Uniondale, NY. A question asked by the government prosecutor had to do with the location when the aircraft "got shot". "I (Sanders) took 250 new photos of the plane and compared them with the NTSB shots taken in 1996 and 1997. After comparing the before and after photos, I can tell you there are significant, very significant alterations in a key area of the plane." Traficant's letter to Defense Secretary Cohen. Bin Laden's exploits. The State Department on March 31, 1999 dropped its designation of the Tehran government as the world's leading state sponsor of terrorism. Iran apparently killed fewer Iranian dissidents abroad last year than in 1997. May 6, 1999 testimony of Cmdr. Donaldson on Reauthorization of the NTSB -- While acting as Defense Consultant for Mr. Sanders, I asked him to take close-up photographs of the few parts remaining of the center wing tank, left side body wall. I viewed those pictures and determined that the few military experts the Administration allowed to see the crash debris were right - the number two main tank exploded at extremely high energy into the Center Wing Tank, not the other way around. Senator Charles E. Grassley (R-Iowa) slanders the FBI by saying the FBI unnecessarily prolonged its criminal investigation, fueling the 'discredited conspiracy theories' about missile attacks, and giving airlines an excuse to delay action on safety board recommendations to protect fuel tanks. "The FBI didn't want to hear about anything but a missile or a bomb, because otherwise there was no FBI case," Grassley said. Bin Laden's associates continue to be arrested. Three US commandos were sent on a secret mission into Afghanistan in search of Osama bin Laden. It is almost certain that the three have been captured. The body of one of them was found at the end of April and handed over to the Americans. Two others are still missing and are presumed to be in the hands of the Taliban or forces loyal to bin Laden.
Events from July 1999 - September 1999 A missile expert cries cover up in lengthy interview with The Village Voice. The pilot for TWA 900 flying behind TWA 800 comments ... "with regards to the CIA cartoon, I looked in vain for the mid air explosion that other a/c were reporting on the radio that night (dusk really) but saw nothing in the haze below. If 800 had done that miraculous zoom climb it seems I would have seen something since I was on a parallel course above and behind 800". Scott Holleran missed the TWA 800 flight and reflects on the investigation. Connections between bin Laden and Sheik Rahman, who was convicted of the World Trade Center bombing, continue to grow. The link to Florida will prove interesting given the claim of responsibility for the TWA 800 downing which came from that State. Ali, who is from Florida, won't talk so he stays in jail. Iran has dramatically increased its funding of a radical Palestinian Islamic group in an attempt to sabotage the resumption of Middle East peace talks. In the past few weeks Iranian intelligence has given an estimated £3,000,000 to the militant Palestinian group Hamas to fund terrorist attacks on Israeli targets. Donald Nibert, whose daughter died in TWA 800 says: "All I have are questions. All I want is the truth". The radar data that the NTSB didn't release has now become available - a lot of ships near TWA 800 all moving together. Lufthansa Cargo suspends flights to Pakistan because of a missile attack. In a new low point in the TWA 800 investigation lavatory waste has now surfaced in a series of tests documenting the arcing potential of TWA 800-type wire when contaminated with fluids. TWA 800 REDUX - An Italian DC-9 commercial jetliner with 81 passengers and crew apparently was brought down by a missile - an Italian magistrate accuses the U.S. and Italian governments of covering up the circumstances surrounding the crash - he discounts speculation that the DC-9 might have crashed because of an internal explosion, or "clear air turbulence," as some U.S. government experts said - The U.S. government at first said none of its aircraft was flying in the region at the time, then admitted that five of its aircraft were present but claimed they were unarmed. Among the mysteries is a 22-minute gap in NATO radar records the day of the crash - a U.S. aircraft carrier's log of events before and after the DC-9 crash was recopied and radar tapes from the carrier were retrieved by U.S. Navy officials. Clinton sends letter to Iranian President Khatami saying Iran can be forgiven for its state-sponsored terrorism in the Khobar Towers bombing case if they hand over three low level Saudi suspects.
Events from October 1999 - December 1999 The U.S. government has "information about the involvement of Iranian officials" in the Khobar Towers bombing but has not reached the "conclusion" that this was directed by the Government of Iran. Sayegh is deported. Paul Marcone, Chief of staff for Congressman Traficant and Cmdr. Donaldson exchange letters. Marcone states he is "convinced that the CIA was right -- what the eyewitnesses saw was Fl. 800 in various stages of crippled flight". He also states: "Boeing does not disagree with the scenario depicted in the (CIA) video - The clincher for me was when Boeing said it was credible." Donaldson replies with Boeing's statement: "Boeing was not involved in the production of the video shown today, nor have we had the opportunity to obtain a copy or fully understand the data used to create it." Donaldson asks Marcone: "How do you have the audacity to ignore Admiral Tom Moorer on an issue of National Security? He is the only Naval officer to have been Commander of the Pacific Fleet, Commander in Chief Atlantic, Supreme Allied Commander Atlantic, Chief of Naval Operations and Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff. He holds the Nation's 2nd highest award for valor in combat, the Silver Star. " Kallstrom in a perplexing unexplained comment over the PA system to investigators at Calverton says "we are going to get that son of a bitch in the canoe". EgyptAir 990 crashes on same flight path as TWA 800 and Swissair 111. Chris Ruddy, a passenger on United flight #976, which departed JFK at 9:15 a.m. headed for London the following morning reports a conversation heard on his headset: "At one point, a crew member of one of the planes radioed air traffic control to ask why the change. Air traffic control responded that 'there are rockets being fired in the area.'" Is there a link to Iran? SilkAir is recalled. Boeing conducts tests looking for evidence of a missile explosion. "Is Boeing running the investigation or is the NTSB?" asks James Kallstrom. Mubarak and several of his ministers urge U.S. authorities to search for a link between the EgyptAir crash and the TWA 800 crash. "James Hall is no Eliot Ness. He couldn't catch a fly in the dung of the Brooklyn Museum" states the N.Y. Post. If one elevator is being forced up and the other is being forced down, why isn't the aircraft corkscrewing? More hints that the EgyptAir 990 had a damaged tail. The NTSB continues to look for a spark and has another theory involving deposits of sulfur and copper - how many more they will need remains to be seen. Meanwhile the 400 eyewitnesses remain on the sidelines. EgyptAir's chairman, Mohamed Fahim Rayyan states: "It is highly unlikely that accusations would have been made to build a case for a co-pilot suicide had the airline and crew been American or European. It has been years since the mysterious 1996 crash of TWA Flight 800, a Boeing 747, and the similar unexplained crash of Swissair Flight 111 in 1998. Both remain unsolved, and yet the possibility of pilot suicide has never been raised." Boeing says that the lack of evidence as to what sparked the blast that downed TWA Flight 800 three years ago points to an "external source," such as a bomb or missile. "Signature devices" of groups affiliated with Osama bin Laden were recovered during an arrest in Port Angeles. These devices were used among groups affiliated with bin Laden in attacks in the Philippines. A South Korean jumbo jet crashes on the anniversary of the downing of Pan Am 103. An Indian airliner is high jacked by bin Laden's forces.
Events from January 2000 - March 2000 Iran and North Korea continue to cooperate on missile technology. Osama bin Laden heads the Algerian cell attacking the U.S. Laden offers peace if Americans leave Saudi Arabia. Were the arrests in Seattle linked to a plot to place a bomb on the New York leg, or the London leg, of the flight that Ressam had booked and set it to go off with Casio timing devices once he had left the aircraft in New York or in London? Ressam had booked to fly to London through New York departing on Wednesday, December 22, 1999. A bombing on that date would have occurred on the eleventh anniversary of the downing of PA 103 in the Jewish calendar - PA 103 was bombed on December 21, 1988 which is 13 Tevet 5749 in the Jewish calendar. December 22, 1999 is 13 Tevet 5760 in the Jewish calendar. In London on the PA 103 anniversary a Korean airlines 747 aircraft did crash shortly after takeoff in mysterious circumstances. See the article Strange Bedfellows. Ressam is linked to Algerian and Libyan terrorists in Dublin. The NTSB now looks at tail wreckage from EgyptAir 990. Alaska Air 261 crashes in circumstances similar to EgyptAir 990. Alaska Airlines Flight 261, TWA Flight 800, Egypt Air Flight 990, Swissair Flight 111, SilkAir, ValuJet Flight 592 - "We don't see any common threat (sic) in these accidents,'' emphasized Capt. Dwayne Woerth, president of the Air Line Pilots Association". CIA chief says bin Laden is trying to get nuclear weapons and Iran remains a terrorist state. The NY Times editorializes that the mechanics of flight is in itself "a bit of a mystery" and one should not therefore by anxious when the "mystery only deepens". Loud noise came from tail of Alaska Airlines 261. Bin Laden reported to be seriously ill. Iran continues to back Hizbollah. The Flight 800 Independent Researchers Organization (FIRO) meets with French family members in Paris. James Kallstrom, refers to the independent investigators who have been publishing their findings on the Internet as "bottom-feeders," Radar analysis is released which proves that the U.S. government's explanation of the eyewitness testimony is mistaken. A letter with the radar information has been provided to the NTSB. Government officials suspect Islamic charities and relief organizations are used to move men, money and weapons across borders. The moderates win elections in Iran. Family member, Donald Nibert, writes an article in Spectrum Magazine expressing his belief that the U.S. government has suppressed information. He also writes to the House Aviation Committee. EgyptAir officials say U.S. investigators are sitting on important information. Iran appears to have been behind the PA 103 bombing according to the Glasgow Herald. The FBI is accused of "covering up" information on PA 103. Bin Laden links continue to turn up worldwide. Report that bin Laden is dying of kidney disease. The search for a "spark" is now a focus of SwissAir 111. Lawyers advise government to be careful when criminality and foreign policy mix. "This case lies at the intersection of the criminal justice system and foreign policy. The whole point of the memo is that it is folly to simply treat this as a mere criminal case, much as we might wish things were so simple." The memo says that such a "momentous decision" should involve "those agencies which do possess genuine expertise and experience in how the actions of U.S. courts may affect American policy interests around the world." The thesis of this website is that the search for a criminal act in the downing of TWA 800 ceased once it became clear that Osama bin Laden was involved and was funded by Iran. In the case of the embassy bombings in Africa a similar course is being urged. The NTSB finds that 670 eyewitnesses to the crash of TWA 800 saw nothing of importance to its investigation. The amounts for which Boeing et al may be sued grows.
Events from April 2000 - June 2000 An American lawyer claims to have evidence that PA 103 was downed by Palestinian terrorists. Are Boeing and the NTSB looking for a way out? Bin Laden names his successor which confirms the linkages made in this website between Islamic Jihad, the World Trade Center and the TWA 800 missile attack. Star witness for government in PA 103 trial says the government got the location of the bomb wrong. Clinton talks to the Coast Guard about bin Laden - why? The government fires missiles still trying to dispute the eyewitness testimony but doesn't invite the actual eyewitnesses to view the event and comment on the test directly. A top Iranian intelligence officer defects to Turkey and confirms Iran's central role in the bombing of the Khobar Towers and Pan Am 103 bombings. The CIA and FBI rush to discredit him. CBS News 60 Minutes executive producer Don Hewitt said the allegations were not unexpected. "We expected the CIA and FBI to do this." Two interesting letters are published in the Washington Post. Boeing's report to NTSB finds no evidence of electrical ignition source on Flight 800. CBS, long a debunker of "conspiracy theories" now enters a conspiracy of its own over an Iranian defector - Ms. Stahl believes that someone did not want "60 Minutes" to get a tape. "I have to say the loss of that tape does add to my suspicions," she said. New information casts doubt on the EgyptAir 990 suicide theory. The Egyptians say, it is possible that something he saw influenced the pilot of EgyptAir 990 to take the action. The Egyptians noted that radar showed several "primary" targets--planes with the transponder turned off, missiles, flocks of birds or even atmospheric clutter--in the area that night, some of which lasted several minutes and moved at high speed. A "primary" target is any object hit by radar beams that does not have a transponder to report an aircraft's identity and altitude. The Egyptians say that they are not proposing some missile theory but that investigators should look into the possibility that something outside the plane startled Batouti. Commander Donaldson explains the facts to the Chairman of the NTSB. Boeing is sued by families of EgyptAir 990.
Events from July 2000 - September 2000 A TWA employee indicates the FBI bugged TWA Engineering. The Clinton-Gore administration admits destroying 900 subpoenaed records needed to force Iran to compensate an American family whose daughter died in a terrorist attack. Iran continues to support bin Laden. Saunders says photo exist of investigators altering evidence. US special forces reportedly trying to capture bin Laden. The Flight 800 Research Organization sues the FBI and the NTSB. ABC News wonders why eyewitnesses have been dismissed. Kallstrom tells family member "it was definitely a missile but I will deny it if your quote me". The International Association of Machinists in its report to the NTSB states that the explosion of the fuel tank was caused by a "high pressure event" breaching the fuselage…. The explosion was a result of this event!" [Emphasis in the report.] "It appears to the IAM that a major event may have occurred on the left side of the aircraft." Boeing settles lawsuits and backs away from missiles and sparks. Egyptian and US authorities continue bitter dispute over reasons for Egyptian 990 crash. EgyptAir want further review of radar data collected at the time of the crash. The U.S. agencies continue to investigate sexual improprieties at a Manhattan hotel rather than the mechanism by which the rudder controls failed leading the Egyptians to ask why these improprieties are relevant to the flying of a 767 while Clinton's improprieties are not relevant to his finger being on the nuclear trigger. Family member states: “They said my uncle recited Islamic verses from the Koran on the plane. So on the plane he was a Moslem fundamentalist and in the hotel he was a man going after women?" TWA 800 and EgyptAir 990 suffer from the same problem of withheld radar data. (See The Mystery of EgyptAir 990). TWA 800 eyewitnesses publish ad in Washington Times accusing FBI and CIA of lying about their testimony. The Egyptian Pilots’ Federation says it wants U.S. authorities to release radar images and to question an air traffic controller on duty at the time of the crash, as well as three pilots from Germany, Jordan and Britain, said to have seen missiles while flying in the area where the plane went down. Flight 800 Research Organization's press conference ignored by American Press but reported in France. NTSB Board member Black suggests that the eyewitnesses who reported seeing a missile or ascending object ascend towards TWA 800 were "drunk". Iran's chief terrorist comes to the U.S. following strange defection by his son. Abu Sayyaf kidnaps American and demands release of World Trade Center bombers. (See Strange Links and From Dublin to Oklahoma City to understand how this group is linked to TWA 800). SwissAir 111 crash still baffles investigators. Loss of radio contact with SwissAir 111 for 13 minutes beginning over Long Island Sound remains unexplained. Clinton named in EgyptAir 990 suit which claims missile brought down the flight. "Aviation Week and Space Technology" website poll says "no" to NTSB. Letter from a retired TWA pilot. "Splatter" can not be explained and the noise on the tape will not explained.
Events from October 2000 - December 2000 The Lockerbie trial is set for a major surprise. Iran continues to prove that it guides the actions in the Middle East. A former U.S. Army sergeant, Ali Mohamed, pleaded guilty to helping plot the 1998 bombings of American embassies in Africa with Osama bin Laden. Mr. Mohamed is linked to bin Laden's organization and the Egyptian Islamic Jihad and the Iranian-backed Hezbollah. The Egyptian group also obtained weapons from Iran. Mohamed was called by the F.B.I. to talk about the trial of Sheik Omar Abdel Rahman, the Egyptian cleric who was later convicted of conspiring to blow up the United Nations and other landmarks. See links to the downing of EgyptAir 990. Links between the PA 103 bombing, a Palestinian group and the Balkans. Another plane downed by missiles in Angola where UNITA is known to have shoulder-fired SAM 7 missiles and is believed also to have some more modern SAM 16 missiles. Flight data expert says flight parameter values from the FDR tape have been withheld from the public dockets by the FBI/NTSB. Another missile incident over Long Island reported to have taken place in 1996. Pierre Salinger who contends that a missile hit TWA 800 indicates that Iran and Syria blew up PA 103 and that the United States and Britain kept it quiet because Israel was in peace talks with Syria. Syria apparently has provided evidence clearing Libyans of PA 103 bombing. Suspected Palestinian terrorist was trained in the use of surface to air missiles. Family of Flight 800 pilot to join lawsuit against U.S. Government. Lockerbie trial adjourns to await documents from Syria. Osama bin Laden now linked to Cole bombing. Request is made that Tenet be replaced as Director of the CIA because of TWA 800 cover up. The Egyptian Pilots' federation wants U.S. authorities to release radar images of the EgyptAir 990 crash (The Mystery of EgyptAir 990 ) and to question an air traffic controller on duty at the time of the crash, as well as two pilots from Germany and Jordan said to have seen missiles while flying in the area at the time of the crash. A memorandum written by Mobdi Goben, a trained chemical engineer and senior member of the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine General Command is expected to give an "alternative explanation" for the bombing of Pan Am 103.
Events from January 2001 - March 2001 Pilot reports boat leaving the scene of the TWA 800 crash. Oslo police provide protection for members of PLO who claim knowledge of PA 103 bombing. Syria balks at handing over documents. The US is "calm" about a Bin Laden appearance. Despite monitoring the group that bombed the African embassies for two years, U.S. Intelligence was unable to stop the bombing. Follow the links from the embassy bombings to EgyptAir 990. On January 14 the NY Times began to publish a series of major articles on Osama bin Laden. Follow the links to TWA 800. EgyptAir decides to accept "liability" for the crash of Flight 990 while reserving the right to sue others. One PA 103 defendant found guilty and sentenced to life imprisonment. Osama bin Laden is directly linked to Stinger antiaircraft missiles. An Egyptian-born flight instructor who worked as bin Laden's pilot said that he helped the bin Laden organization buy a $200,000 decommissioned military jet in order to ship Stinger antiaircraft missiles from Pakistan to Sudan. Spurred by growing international alarm about Osama bin Laden's militant networks, the police in Britain and Germany arrested more than a dozen Islamic radicals - see also London Bridge is Falling Down. Egyptian members of Al Qaeda proposed an attack for the arrest of Sheik Rahman but one was not carried out because other Al Qaeda members objected that innocent people would be killed. As a result of the decision not to carry out an attack several Egyptian members of Al Qaeda quit the organization in protest. Ramsey Yousef was on trial when TWA 800 was downed. Federal investigators identify Ahmad Sherifi, a senior member of the Iranian Revolutionary Guard, as one of those responsible for planning the attack on the Khobar Towers - see also Strike One - Khobar Towers; Strike Two - TWA 800; Strike Three ... Further evidence that four seconds at the end of the FDR tape have not been released to the public. More reports that Osama bin Laden was linked to the Oklahoma City Bombing. McVeigh's former attorney, Stephen Jones, says that he will testify at Nichols' State trial if McVeigh attempts to exonerate Nichols.
Events from April 2001 - June 2001 Here we go again - Thai investigators found explosives on one of their planes that blew up just before their Prime Minister was due to board. The FBI found no explosives and blamed the explosion on a spark in the Center Wing Tank. So now we have two different models of Boeing aircraft, both testing positive for high explosives after an explosion, yet miraculously according to the FBI/NTSB scenario both suffered from some unknown ignition problem in overheated center wing fuel tanks. The explanation last time was that TWA 800 was 'old' and therefore had 'bad wiring'. The Thai aircraft was nine years old! EgyptAir reacts angrily to NTSB report on crash of Flight 990. Read airline captain's open letter to the NTSB - "I saw the tape before the FBI came to Dick’s home and confiscated the tape. Several high-speed blips leading to the end of the transponder trail of TWA 800 indicates a missile." Bin Laden extends his operation to the Palestinians. A report is being issued on the Oklahoma City bombing showing that law enforcement agencies and officials "had prior knowledge of the bombing," and that "McVeigh and Nichols did not act alone." Iran, bin Laden and Hezbollah now linked to bombing of USS Cole. Further evidence shows second bomber accompanied McVeigh to Murrah building. Bin Laden terrorist agrees to spill the beans. Canadian Transportation Board won't have a report this year on the crash of SwissAir 111. One hour documentary video now available with evidence of the missile shoot down of TWA 800. The evidence Iran was behind the deaths of 19 American servicemen in the Khobar Towers bombing is compelling enough to justify military retaliation or at least some form of diplomatic or legal action against Iran. And that evidence has been in hand for two years, according to Pentagon officials. Another EgyptAir flight from JFK becomes the target of a threat. Retired pilot write so NTSB. Producers of the Video "Silenced: Flight 800 and the Subversion of Justice" report on audience reaction.
Events from July 2001 - December 2001 The terrorist threat to the United States increases as multiple Algerian cells trained by Osama bin Laden begin to operate in the US and Europe. Hard evidence extracted from the NTSB's own reports is consistent with the FBI and NTSB withholding the last 4 FL 800 FDR one second data blocks and over 3,000 data bits from the public. NTSB continues to stall in releasing information on headless climb of TWA 800. Spectrum analysis of the cockpit voice recorder shows center wing fuel tank explosion did not bring down TWA 800. Eight eyewitnesses testify in Long Island. Witness on US Air 217 sees missile rise from boat. The collapse of American journalism. How the government tried to discredit a crucial witness by inventing "flagpoles". Why the NTSB had to descend to a "Harry Potter" fable to explain a center wing tank explosion. In memoriam - CDR William S. Donaldson, III, USN (Ret). - August 22, 2001. The 'red herring' dog exercise. It takes the Navy over 50 years to discover that a torpedo sank one of its ships and not a "boiler explosion". United States suffers a second Pearl Harbor. Attack occurs on anniversary of conviction of Ramsey Yousef for the first WTC bombing and follows a plan developed by him in the Philippines. The FBI was warned six years ago of a terrorist plot to hijack commercial planes and slam them into the Pentagon, the CIA headquarters and other buildings. Philippine authorities learned of the plot after a small fire in a Manila apartment, which turned out to be the hideout of Ramzi Yousef, who was later convicted for his role in the 1993 bombing of the World Trade Center. Yousef escaped at the time, but agents caught his right-hand man, Abdul Hakim Murad, who told them about the plot. Jane's Security presents Israeli Intelligence views on who masterminded the WTC destruction. Islamic calendar for September shows plane crashing into lower Manhattan. Atta was in Spain at the same time as a senior Iraqi intelligence official. Open letter to NTSB asks CIA for explanation. In Ireland, the two men arrested were Zaid Haich, an Algerian, and Abdul Qadir, from Libya, who are suspected of using charitable organizations in Dublin to funnel money to supporters of Mr. bin Laden. The Irish economic boom of recent years has greatly increased the number of people of Arab descent who have come seeking jobs. Two other men, Abrahim Bazir and Muhammad al-Masrati, both of Libyan descent, were also detained. Mr. Bazir is a naturalized citizen of Ireland who has lived there for more than two decades. David Schippers interview with Alex Jones indicates that the Iraqis were involved in the OKC bombing. The Irish police said the four men, all in their 20's and 30's, were suspected of providing money and false documents to Islamic terrorists operating in Europe. (For a related article see From Dublin to Oklahoma City ). Evidence continues to mount that Nichols and McVeigh did not act alone in bombing of Murrah Building. The NTSB continues to withhold information on their "zoom climb" explanation for the eyewitness sightings. Former member of NTSB board, Vernon Grosse, expresses doubt that initiating event in TWA 800 was the center wing tank explosion. Journalists in Kabul find evidence that Osama bin Laden may have had knowledge of Oklahoma City bombing. American Airlines now becomes focus of terrorism with two attacks. AA Flight 587 is apparently bombed on December 12. Eyewitnesses insist an explosion preceded the loss of the tail. Evidence builds that AA 587 is another TWA 800 cover up. Man attempts to blow up AA 63 using a bomb in his shoe. He attempted to board the same flight the previous day on December 21, the anniversary of the bombing of PA 103. (For a related article on terrorist acts on anniversary dates see As Time Goes By). U.S Intelligence documents now admit what has been the main thesis of this website that when TWA 800 was brought down Iran and bin Laden were in contact.
Events from January 2002 - June 2002 The government tries to steer the cause of the crash of AA Flight 587 to pilot error in using the rudder controls. Incredibly an NTSB spokesman says that even if there are 200 witnesses to the crash of AA 587 it is unlikely that they would be called to testify. This time around the eyewitnesses refuse to be silent. A letter is sent to the NTSB formally requesting that they be allowed to testify in any public hearing. Catholic priest provides eyewitness testimony on the crash of AA 587. Further evidence emerges that the theme of this website is correct - Iran supplied Osama bin Laden and the Islamic Jihad with advanced shoulder-fired missiles which were brought to the US and fired repeatedly (see The Tale of The Tapes ) at American aircraft. Fortunately to date only one aircraft has been destroyed - TWA 800. The government now admits it has a video showing AA Flight 587 as it broke up. Navy officer aboard a submarine says he saw a missile hit TWA 800. Dick Morris tells Greta Van Susteren on Fox's On the Record that TWA 800 was a terrorist act. A former Special Forces member states that a white ordinance explosion brought down AA 587 - the NTSB continues to ignore eyewitness reports. The Washington Times reports that 'rockets' were fired at 2 aircraft in the vicinity of Ronald Reagan airport on January 20, 2002 and February 20, 2002 in what is a rerun of events preceding the crash of TWA 800 (See also The Tale of The Tapes). EgyptAir rejects NTSB report and insists the US release radar tapes. Captain Ray Lahr seeks relief in court from NTSB's refusal to release information detailing how it arrived at the TWA 800 'zoom climb' scenario. Events are moving forward indicating an Iraqi connection to the Oklahoma City bombing. Links between Ramsey Yousef and Terry Nichols are further developed putting pressure on the US government to reopen the Oklahoma City bombing. (For further links between TWA 800 and OKC see From Dublin to Oklahoma City ). Links through bin Laden's brother-in-law associated him with the first bombing of the World Trade Center. The O'Reilly factor interviewed Larry Johnson, formerly of the CIA, who revealed the identity of John Doe #2 in the Oklahoma City bombing to be Hussain Al-Hussaini, a former member of the Iraqi Republican Guard. Additionally, the owner of the motel in which McVeigh stayed prior to the bombing of the Murrah building reported to the FBI that several of the September 11, 2001 hijackers attempted to book rooms at the motel in late July, early August 2001 telling him they were taking flight training. Saudi security guards at Prince Sultan Air Base find a 4-foot-long missile launcher for a Soviet-made SA-7 missile and destroy it before examination by American officials. The Flight 800 Research Organization files a detailed paper requesting that the NTSB reopen its investigation http://Flight800.org/FIRO_Petition.pdf The U.S. government alerts airlines and law enforcement agencies that new intelligence indicates Islamic terrorists have smuggled shoulder-fired anti-aircraft missiles into the United States. The NTSB admits that 28 eyewitnesses to the crash of AA 587 saw an explosion in the fuselage and 76 eyewitnesses saw a fire in the fuselage raising questions as to why the NTSB and the media continue to shift attention to the tail. The FBI refuses to release results of shrapnel pellet composition found in bodies of victims from TWA 800. Retired Brigadier General Benton Partin, who helped design missiles for the Air Force, has said that the Brookhaven Laboratory's analysis of the composition of the mysterious pellets suggests to him that they came from a missile. Further evidence appears that Iraq was behind the OKC attack. Evidence suggesting that Khalid Shaikh Mohammed a top al-Qaida lieutenant whom federal authorities believe may have masterminded the Sept. 11 attacks trained Nichols for the OKC bombing in the Philippines. Mohammed "was not only involved in the Sept. 11 attacks, he was involved in the 1993 World Trade Center attack" as well, Johnston charged. "He was in the Philippines at the same time as Terry Nichols, by the way, in the last trip that he made down there before the Murrah building bombing." U.S. officials believe Mohammed was also in charge of transferring the funds used by the Sept. 11 hijackers. "There's lots of links that tie him to 9-11," one government official told AP June 5. "He was intricately involved." Mohammed is also believed to be an accomplice of Ramzi Yousef, who is currently serving a life sentence in the U.S. for his alleged role in the 1993 World Trade Center bombing. Upon his arrest, Yousef was found in possession of plans to blow up a dozen U.S. airliners. Prosecutors also believe he had planned to crash a plane into the Pentagon. Futile attempts begin to discredit AA 587 eyewitnesses who are proving to be just as troublesome as TWA 800 eyewitnesses.
Events from July 2002 - December 2002
El Al Flight 615 from Tel Aviv to Moscow on July 4 reports missile explosion nearby. July 4th Egyptian gunman at LA airport linked to Osama bin Laden and to the downing of EgyptAir 990 in 1999. Twenty unusual .2-inch-diameter round pellets that were found in bodies from the TWA 800 victims were withheld from the NTSB but analyzed by the FBI and found to have been made of aluminum titanium matrix and other elements like zirconium, barium and cerium. These are pyrotechnics or incendiary devices, and the matrix structure of these objects is consistent with pellets used in antiaircraft missiles. The Iranian government organized and carried out the bombing of a Jewish community center in Buenos Aires eight years ago that killed 85 people and then paid Argentina's president at the time, Carlos Saúl Menem, $10 million to cover it up. After the bombing, Ayatollah Ali Khamenei, who succeeded Ayatollah Khomeini as Iran's supreme leader and still holds that post, publicly expressed his approval. "By gathering together groups of Jews with records of murder, theft, wickedness and hooliganism from throughout the world," Ayatollah Khamenei said, "the Zionist regime has created an entity under the name of the Israeli nation that only understands the logic of terror and crimes." (Don't Get Mad, Get Even ). September 11 hijackers attempt to book rooms in Oklahoma City motel previously occupied by Timothy McVeigh. US intelligence agencies have issued an alert that Islamic terrorists have managed to smuggle shoulder-fired anti-aircraft missiles (SAMs) into the US. Reportedly, these are Russian-made SA-7s and/or Pakistani-built copies of similar Chinese missiles. Vernon Grose, former member of NTSB, writes to present head of NTSB requesting that TWA 800 be reopened in view of information gathered by the Flight 800 research organization (website author is one of the founding members of FIRO). Two shoulder-fired missiles pulled of the Schuylkill River north of Philadelphia. The NTSB schedules hearings on the crash of AA 587. Al Hussaini, suspect in OKC bombing, who entered the US from a Saudi refugee camp, worked after the Oklahoma bomb as a cook at Boston's Logan Airport - from where the two hijacked aircraft that hit the World Trade Center took off. Two of the 11 September conspirators held a crucial meeting at a motel in Oklahoma City in August 2001. The motel's owner has since identified them as ringleader Mohammed Atta and Zacarias Moussaoui, the so-called 20th hijacker, who has known links with shoe bomber Richard Reid. The motel is unremarkable - except for one thing. It is where a number of Davis's witnesses are sure they saw McVeigh drinking and perhaps plotting with his Iraqi friends. Missile videotaped overflying plane taking off from Albany, New York. Cameraman describes his interactions with the FBI. Two missiles shake Israeli airliner taking off in Kenya.
Events from January - December
The United States Government finally acknowledges threat that a U.S airliner could be shot down by shoulder fired missiles possessed by terrorists. The government arrests members of Islamic Jihad in Florida who are linked to Iran and one of whom (Ramadan Shallah) was identified on this website as possibly linked to TWA 800 (See London Bridge is Falling Down). An Argentine judge has ordered arrest warrants for four Iranian government officials who he says helped organize and carry out the 1994 bombing of a Jewish community center in Buenos Aires (See As Time Goes By). U.S. Government considers equipping commercial aircraft with missile defense technology . According to the Washington Post, shoulder-fired missiles can be launched from as far away as 30 miles and reach altitudes of up to 18,000 feet. During the time of the TWA 800 investigation it was claimed that a shoulder-fired missile could not reach the aircraft since it was flying at 13,000 feet and further that a shoulder-fired missile would be incapable of bringing down a jumbo jet. After the most expensive and exhaustive air-crash probe in Canadian history, investigators have failed to pinpoint the cause of a fire aboard Swissair Flight 111 that crashed off Peggy's Cove, N.S., in 1999. (For further details see The Mystery of SwissAir 111). Family member who lost her son in TWA 800 writes to Jack Cashill after reading his book "First Strike: TWA 800 and the Attack on America" about her interactions with James Kallstrom and President Clinton. Man is arrested in Newark for smuggling a Russian missile into the U.S.A. Note in this news item the reference to earlier attempts to shoot down aircraft with missiles and as with TWA 800 more than one missile was used in each attack. A missile threat led to the diversion of an El Al flight from Toronto's Pearson airport to nearby Hamilton on October 23, 2003. The U.S. was warned that Iran was planning an attack on an American airliner weeks prior to the downing of TWA 800. Airline captain takes NTSB to court. Judge adds CIA as defendant in TWA 800 case.
Events from January - December
"While counter-terrorism expert and man-of-the-hour Richard Clarke is in a chatty mood, someone might choose to ask him what he knows about TWA Flight 800". He was in on the planning how to deal with it from the beginning. Almost eight years after TWA Flight 800 was blasted out of the sky, a federal judge permitted discovery to go forward in a civil case James and Elizabeth Sanders have brought against the federal government and eight named defendants. A small group of young Britons whose parents emigrated from Pakistan after World War II say they would like to see Prime Minister Tony Blair dead or deposed and an Islamic flag hanging outside No. 10 Downing Street. In a strange similarity to TWA 800, investigators found red streaks -- transfer marks, they call them -- on various pieces of a shredded Cessna which crashed near Mobile, Alabama. The red does not match red mail bags or other objects known to be on the plane. Investigators also found a small piece of black anodized aluminum embedded in the skin of the plane. The aluminum is not from the accident airplane. A DC 10 was flying above the crashed airplane when it apparently was stuck by a fast moving object suspected to be a missile or drone. As the eight-year anniversary of the TWA 800 crash approaches, the first piece of wreckage that separated from the plane is missing. Navy divers located and recovered this piece, which left the plane at apparent supersonic speeds, but the National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB) failed to list it in their official debris field map. A captured al-Qaeda operative has told Canadian intelligence investigators that a Montreal man who trained in Afghanistan alongside the 9/11 hijackers was responsible for the crash of American Airlines flight 587 in New York three years ago. Canadian Security Intelligence Service agents were told during five days of interviews with the source that Abderraouf Jdey, a Canadian citizen also known as Farouk the Tunisian, had downed the plane with explosives on Nov. 12, 2001.
Events from January - December
Did an internal NSA e-mail contain information pertaining to a recorded telephone call made from New York by Ramzi Yousef within minutes of the downing of Flight 800? A federal judge in Springfield will not order the Federal Bureau of Investigation to conduct further searches of its records into the investigation of the breakup of TWA's Flight 800. Islamic terrorists attempt to shoot down B1 bomber in Oklahoma. Another eyewitness presents his report on the TWA800 missile attack. Report of missile fired at American West flight out of New York in September. Missile reported to be fired at American Airlines FL 621 taking off from Los Angeles in December.
The author of this website is a founding member and officer of the Flight 800 Independent Researchers Organization (FIRO) which maintains a website at http://flight800.org FIRO takes no position on 'who' caused the downing of TWA 800 - it seeks to gather and publicize information on 'what' caused the downing. Members of FIRO however conduct private research on possible answers to the 'who' question and maintain independent websites on this aspect of their work. FIRO on occasion works in cooperation with the Associated Retired Aviation Professionals (ARAP) which maintains a website at http://www.twa800.com. ARAP members include:
1) Admiral Thomas H. Moorer USN (Ret.) - Former Chairman, Joint Chiefs of staff. During World War II Admiral Moorer received the Silver Star for "extremely gallant and intrepid conduct” during an attack by Japanese aircraft. He also received the Purple Heart. In 1957, President Eisenhower approved his selection to the rank of Rear Admiral. During the 1960’s, Admiral Moorer commanded the Navy’s Seventh Fleet, for which he received the Distinguished Service Medal. He later served as Commander in Chief of the Pacific Fleet, NATO’s Allied Command, Atlantic, and the U.S. Atlantic Fleet. He is the only Naval officer ever to have commanded both the Pacific and Atlantic Fleets. In 1967 President Johnson awarded Admiral Moorer the Gold Star. In the same year, President Johnson named Admiral Moorer Chief of Naval Operations. In 1970 President Nixon appointed Admiral Moorer as Chairman of the Joint Chiefs. He served two terms at this post. After retirement in 1974, Admiral Moorer remained active in policy matters as a fellow with the Center for Strategic and International Studies. He presently serves on the board of NewsMax.com for which I have written two articles that may be found in the TWA 800 section.
2) R. Admiral Mark Hill USN (Ret.) - Submarine officer in the Pacific during World War II and then naval aviator where his command included the aircraft carrier Independence during the Viet Nam conflict. He also served as Asst. Chief of Naval Operations for Manpower and has testified extensively before Congress. He is the Chairman of U.S. Defense - American Victory, Washington, D.C.,
3) Brig Gen. Ben Partin, USAF, (Ret.) - Designer of Continuous-rod warhead for the BOMARC missile
4) Cmdr. William S. Donaldson USN (Ret. Deceased) - Former Officer in Charge of Carrier Battlegroup's Air Traffic Control Center, pilot and military accident investigator. Cmdr. Donaldson wrote a Report to the Subcommittee on Aviation on the Crash of TWA Flight 800 to which I contributed a section on the eyewitness reports and a statistical analysis of eyewitness credibility.
5) Captain Howard Mann, Retired TWA captain and accident investigator. Captain Mann's analysis of the Flight Data Recorder may be found on this website.
6) Major Fred Meyer - Decorated Vietnam pilot and Air National Guard pilot who witnessed TWA 800 shot down from his helicopter and was one of the first pilots to over fly the burning wreckage. Major Meyer's eyewitness account may be read in detail on this website.
7) Captain Al Mundo - Retired TWA pilot and the flight engineer on TWA 800 for the incoming flight from Athens.
On October 18, 1998 ARAP published an ad http://members.aol.com/FL800/news.gif in the NY Times supporting the view that two missiles brought down TWA 800.
Membership in the Flight 800 Research
If you would like to join The TWA Flight 800 Missile Discussion List contact the list administrator Eric@alum.mit.edu. The list provides a forum in which to discuss the TWA missile theory. The list has several rules which must be obeyed in order to keep the discussion concise and to the point:
1. New members must be approved by FIRO. Members must use their real names and real email addresses in order to join the list. No fictional aliases are permitted. Members must also post an e-mail to the list explaining their background, interests, and reasons for their interest in the missile theory.
2. The list is private - only members can post to the list, and only members can access the list archives.
3. The discussion is strictly limited to the
events, ideas, and evidence surrounding the TWA 800 missile theory. The idea
of the list is to provide a place to catalogue evidence, facts, and descriptions
of logic which serve to concretely establish the missile
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